AP Biology Links by Topic
Click on one the following key concepts to jump to a topics further down the page:  Nature of Science  Chemistry of Life    Ecology and Behavior
Energetics & Thermodynamics, Enzymes  Cells Membranes Cellular Respiration Photosynthesis  Cell Signaling Mitosis DNA Structure/Replication DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis
Gene Control Meiosis   Development  Biotechnology  Genetics (Mendel)  Genetics (Non-Mendelian) Genetics (Epigenetics)    Evolution- Darwin  Evolution- Beyond Darwin
Evolution: Phylogenetics/Systematics  Evolution: Human/Primate  Evolution: Hardy Weinberg Population Genetics  Diversity of Life: Archae/Bacteria, Protists/Fungi, Plants, Animals
Body Systems: Introduction, Nervous/Senses, Circulatory/Respiratory/Excretory, Immune/Virus, Endocrine/Hormones
TopicAdditional Links
Nature of SciencePurpose of Education (speech)
  How to get an A+ on a lab write-up
Logistic Growth Model
Exponential Growth Model
What is Inquiry?
Designing Inquiry type labs
Questions and procedures to consider in an Inquiry Lab Report
Ecology & BehaviorExamples of Symbiosis and Co-evolution
Squirrels and Snakes
Good Review Information:
POPULATION ECOLOGY
COMMUNITY AND ECOSYSTEM DYNAMICS
THE BIOSPHERE AND MASS EXTINCTIONS
*Isopods and Pillbugs And more than you ever wanted to know
Symbiotic bioluminescence (HHMI)
Chemistry of LifeBasic Chemistry Tutorial (Biology Project)
CHEMISTRY I: ATOMS AND MOLECULES
CHEMISTRY II: WATER AND ORGANIC MOLECULES
Water Properties
Acids and Bases (Biology Project)
Virtual AP Lab 2 Tutorial
Functional groups and macromolecules (scroll down)
Basics of Large Molecules (Biology Project)
3-D Biomolecules
Enantiomers
pH buffering (Biology Project)
Van der Waals and Spiderman
Molecular Shapes/enantiomers info
The truth about lipids
Chemistry of Amino Acids (Biology Project University of Arizona)
Interactive Tutorial on the Shape of Proteins
Digestion, Pancreas, Why Beans Give You Gas (for fun).
Carbohydrate Regulation Insulin
HHMI Holiday Lecture: Biodiversity and looking for new medicines
Energetics, Thermodynamics, EnzymesLAWS OF THERMODYNAMICS &
2nd Law of Thermodynamics All you'd ever want to know  
 REACTIONS AND ENZYMES
 Enzymes
Enzyme Kinetics
Denaturizing of proteins
Animation of Protein Structure Folding Site
Basics of Energy and Enzymes (Biology Project)
Small molecules and interactions with proteins (HHMI)
Cells

Basics of Cell Membranes (Biology Project)  Inside a Cell animation U of Utah

Evolution of the Cell U of Utah

Cell Size and Scale U of Utah

ATP/Transport Rap (2009 from Autumn)

Lungs/Respiration

Size of Cells Article (extra credit)

Cytoskeleton and Muscle

Structure of the proteosome (HHMI)

Amazing info about how vesicles move with dynein and kinesin

Types of Life and Cells (Biology Projects)

CELLS II: CELLULAR ORGANIZATION

Scientific Method and the Study of Cells (Biology Project)

Inside the Cell

Cells Alive

Membranes (Water Potential)Water Potential Link and another link (if you really want to know how psi is measured physically)

Structure of Cellular Membranes     Membranes organize celllular complexity (U of Utah)

More on Membranes and Transport

Tutorial on Transport
great animation Kidney
Aquaporins- Movement of water through the cell membrane (animation)
Excretory System/ Digestive (enzymes/absorption)
Activie Transport YouTube
Cellular Respiration Metabolism/ Cellular Respiration Basics (Biology Project)
The Storage Battery of Life
ATP Synthase Sites for Biochemistry
Animations: Glycolysis
Krebs

Glycolysis
Cellular Respiration
Lactic Acid is Fuel?
Animated Glycolysis
Bad Rap for Lactic Acid/Lactate
glucose song
Krebs Song
ETC Song 1 (go down to the ETC song) ETC song    ATP Synthase Song
Cool Animation of Mitochondria
Cellular Respiration Song (a little silly but useful)
Step by Step Glycolysis
Step by Step in the Mitochondria
Step by Step Glycolysis and Fermentation
Animated/Interactive ETC
Photosynthesis Light Reaction
Dark Reaction
Photosynthesis: Pathway of Carbon Fixation
Photosynthesis: The Role of Light
C4 Plants
Gas Exchange in Plants
Basics of Photosynthesis Part I, Part II with C4 Plants (Biology Project)
Photosynthesis doesn't occur in the dark article
Arsenic Photosynthetic Bacteria
Cell SignalingBasics of Cell Signaling (Biology Project) Cell Signaling/ Neurons Lecture
The Inside Story of Cell Signaling (U of Utah)
Animations: (this link contains animations on p53 and Cell Cycle and Telemers and Proto oncogenes and Signal Transduction
Quorum Sensing in Bacteria (HHMI)
Fight or Flight and Cell Communication (U of Utah)
Cell Signaling in various cells (U of Utah)
What happens when cell signaling goes wrong (U of Utah)
NO stuff
more stuff on NO
fireflies and NO
Cool Tyrosine Kinase animation
G protein animation
Extra Credit Article: Double Life of ATP
Good Review for Cell Communication
The Central Nervous System
The Peripheral Nervous System
Action Potentials
Mitosis Cell Cycle Game  Lecture: Cell communication/ cell cycle Cell Cycle Tutorial DNA Review
Cell Cycle ControlsExcellent  MitosisCell Division -- Mitosis Mitosis Tutorial
HHMI Holiday Lectures: Cancer
Shugosin cool name what is it good for?
Beautiful Animation of Mitosis (short version) Long version
Silly YouTube Mitosis Video
Movies of microtubules
cool mitosis computer animation
cell communication info
Basics of Cell Cycle and Mitosis (Biology Project)
p53 "death protein" Metastasis
p53 guardian of the genome (HHMI)
Caspases and Programmed Cell Death
(Flash) Caspases
Animations: (this link contains animations on p53 and Cell Cycle and Telemers and Proto oncogenes and Signal Transduction
DNA Structure & ReplicationVirtual DNA extraction U of Utah

DNA Animations
DNA Stucture Animation (HHMI)
Build a DNA Molecule U of Utah
Basics of DNA, Chromosomes, Proteins U of Utah
YouTube DNA Replication Song to backstreetboys
DNA Replication Animation (HHMI)
Mutation Animation (HHMI)
Types of Chromosomal Abnormalities
How H1NI jumped to humans
All about telomeres (HHMI)
HHMI Holiday Lectures: Genes and Genomes
HHMI Holiday Lectures: Biological Clocks & Genes
DNA/RNA Protein Synthesis (Central Dogma)DNA Overview
DNA to Protein U of Utah
How Fireflies Glow Tutorial on Protein Synthesis U of Utah
Articles on Francis Crick's contribution to Central Dogma/Protein Synthesis & DNA

Transcription Tutorial 1

Transcription Animation (HHMI)

mRNA splicing Animation (HHMI)

RNA diversity

Translation Animation (HHMI)
Triplet codon explanation (HHMI)

hnRNP

DNA/RNA Proteins

Why is DNA the main nucleic acid for information storage instead of RNA?

RNAi (HHMI)

HHMI Holiday Lecture: World of RNA

More on Protein Synthesis

SNP and cause of Sickle Cell Anemia (HHMI)

DNA interactive from Cold Spring Harbor

Replication and Central Dogma (click on copying the code to get to the general site then "putting it together" to see the animations)

Overview of Central Dogma all three types

Violation of Central Dogma???? Non-ribosomal peptide synthesis

Microbial Mutations and Genetic Recombination Explanations with tons of Animations

Protein Transport Movie

Central Dogma Sites:

tRNA structure

Genomics 101 (TED talk)

STD and Viruses

Gene ControlGene Switches (HHMI)
Jagged 1 Cell Signaling
 
Meiosis Basics of Meiosis (Biology Project)

Animations of oogenesis in various organisms

Meiosis Rap (youtube)
Meiosis Tutorial
Shugosin 2 (not just a cool name)
funny YouTube video: Meiosis Square Dance with Drosophila
Development

Is it Human?

Embryology Tutorial

Basics of Development

Virtual Embryo

Chick Embryo Slides

Sea Urchin

Starfish

Zebrafish

Frog

Drosophilia (youtube) 

Human

Biotechnology (Transformation, Restriction Analysis, Mapping, PCR, etc.)

Basics of DNA Technology

DNA Forensics Part I and Part II (Biology Project)

Inserting Gene of Interest into Plasmid Anmiation (HHMI)

LAC operon tutorial

Latest info on viral infection methods

The Genome Module from DNA interactiave

Visualing Gene Expression

Gene Switches (HHMI)

Human Genome Scavenger Hunt Activity

Background info on Restriction Mapping}}

PCR Animation (HHMI) 

PCR Animation 

PCR Virtual Lab (U of Utah)

GEL ELECTROPHORESIS Virtual Lab (U of Utah)

Understanding Sequence Assembly (HHMI)

Background Article on PV92 and Evolution

Sanger DNA Sequencing (HHMI)

Shotgun DNA Sequencing (HHMI)

VNTR: variable # tandem repeats

STR: short tandem repeats

RFLP: restriction fragment length polymorphism youtube

RFLP Tutorial Part I

STR Tutorial Part II

Recombinant DNA Technology 

Virtual Lab Making a Microarry U of Utah

How to make a Microarray slide

Analyzing Microarrays

Virochip Microarray Explained (HHMI)

Working with DNA from DNA Interactive

The Romanovs

Genetic Origins

Cloning U of Utah

TRANSGENIC MICE (U of Utah)

GENE THERAPY (U of Utah)

2nd Semester
Genetics (Mendel)HHMI Holiday Lectures: Genes and Gender
HHMI Virtual Fly Lab

I'm My Own Grandpa

Genetics and Blood Types, Color Blindness   Epistasis, more Epistasis

XY Females, Evolution of the Y chromosome Human Genetics Tutorials

Nondisjunction Animation

Crazy Fly gene names

Animated Monohybrid Cross

Animated Dihybrid Cross
Mendel's Laws
1st Law 
Codominance and Variations on 1st law
2nd Law

Types of Chromosomal Abnormalities

Queen Victoria Family Pedigree

Animated Pedigrees

Pedigrees explained 
Dihybrid Crosses
Pedigree Symbols
Pedigree Analysis
Blue People Pedigree
Genetics (Non-Mendelian)Genomics 101 (TED talk)
Retrovirus and Viral Diversity (HHMI)
Gender testing Athletes (HHMI)
HHMI Holiday Lectures: Stem Cells

History of class 2 transposons

More transposons

Pseudogene info

Epistasis, Pleiotrophy  and Epigenetics, Epigenetics News

Corn Transposons (simple)   

Horizontal Gene Transfer

Genetics (Epigenetics)

Epigenetics U of Utah

THE EPIGENOME AT A GLANCE U of Utah

GENE CONTROL Epigenetics U of Utah

THE EPIGENOME LEARNS FROM ITS EXPERIENCES U of Utah

EPIGENETICS & INHERITANCE U of Utah

INSIGHTS FROM IDENTICAL TWINS and epigenetics U of Utah

LICK YOUR RATS epigenetics study U of Utah

NUTRITION & THE EPIGENOME U of Utah

EPIGENETICS & THE HUMAN BRAIN U of Utah

Gene ControlGene Switches (HHMI)
Evolution - DarwinHHMI Holiday Lectures: Evolution
review info site on Evolution
Geological Time U of Utah
Unity of Life exploration U of Utah
Natural Selection (HHMI)
Artifical vs. Natural Selection Exploration U of Utah
Gene Switches (HHMI)
All things Evolution from U of Utah (variation, selection and time)
Stickleback fish evolution exploration U of Utah
Evolution of Corn exploration U of Utah
Rock Pocket Mice, rapid evolution exploration U of Utah
Evolution of the Eye exploration U of Utah
Supertaster Genetics
comic book version of evolution of life on earth
Life on Earth in 60 seconds
Geologic Time Mnemonic
Great Review Site for Molecular Genetics and Evolution
Evolution- Beyond DarwinGreat Review Site for Molecular Genetics and Evolution
Evolution - Hardy Weinberg (Pop. Evolution)Traits through time exploration U of Utah
Populations and Quantitative Genetics
Bird feeders and Evolution
Early Whales Gave Birth on Land, Fossils Reveal
Did Life Evolve in Ice?
Pupfish and Evolution

Wolbachia and Intragenomic Conflict Slide Show (an alternative version of natural selection) Toxoplasma gondii another parasite that changes behavior in mammals; linked to alteration in sex-ratio in humans, more


Evolution- Systematics, PhylogeneticsIntro to Phylogenetics and other links within UCMP

Confounding issues in phylogenetics:

Horizontal Gene Transfer

Jumping Genes in Plants horizontal transfer article

Phylogenetic Tree Background Help on Parsimony (slideshow)
 1)Using Sequence to determine Phylogenetic Trees
2)Phylogeny and Trees
Revised Tree of life Eocytes
Evidence for Sympatric Speciation
Phylogenetic Trees
Taxonomy/Phylogeny Review
Evolution- Human / PrimateOrigins of Modern Humans (HHMI)
Tracking Evolutions Footprints in the Human Genome
Neanderthals on Trial
Becoming Human Web Site
Did Climate Change Trigger Human Evolution?
New "Hobbit" Human Bones Add to Evidence, Oddity 
 Millions of Men May Be Descended From Irish King, Study Says
Or Genghis Khan and more
Out of Africa ppt
Evolution of Man and more Evolution of Man (Smithsonian)
Journey of Man  (check out the atlas on the web site)
Why bother carrying a deleterious gene (for 52,000 years)?
They Don't Make Humans Like They Used To and Duffy Blood Group Advantage

Hominid Clade
Appendix; vestigial or not?
Less is More
Wikipedia: Phylogenetic Trees
Adam never met Eve article
Does Race Exist?
Article Link: Modern Human Origins and Neanderthal Extinctions in the Levant
Diversity - Archea, BacteriaHHMI Virtual Bacteria ID Lab
Recommended Parade thru the Kingdoms
Tree of Life Link
Bacterial Evolution (diarrhea) TED talks
Diversity - Protists, FungiProtist A-rama
Alternation of Generations, Asexual and Sexual Reproduction/
Fungi Slide Show
Fungus of the Month
Fungi Weblinks
6 ways fungi can save the world (TED talk)
Fungi Life Styles/
Flesh Eating Fungi (Cordyceps mind controlling fungi-YouTube)
Pond Scum videos

Diversity- PlantsAbsolutely GREAT overview of Eukarya
Evolution of Plants
New class of Plants Hormones found (9/08)
Diversity of Plants
Plant slides
Plant Hormones and More
Plant Growth
Plant Defense System
How do you make a seedless orange? and Parthenocarpy
Plant Hormones (link on bottom of page to other hormones)
Plant Tissue stuff
Plant Cells
Translocation of Food
Transgenic Plants
Plant Growth
Self-Incompatibility/ Avoiding Inbreeding
Asexual Reproduction
Etiolation/ Phytochromes

Diversity - AnimalsOverview of Kingdom Animalia
Tour of Animal Kingdom (some links broken)
Cool video on nemerteans and echinoderms
Attack of the Sea Slugs (nudibranchs)
Algae and Animals living together: Going Green (endosymbiosis and mutualism)
Poison Dart Frogs: Neurotoxins
Body Systems- IntroductionHomeostasis and Feedback Mechanisms, Examples; Animated Example
More Examples
Basic Principles of animal form and function
Online Lecture source:
Body Systems- Nervous System & Sensory  The Central Nervous System
The Peripheral Nervous System
Action Potentials
Electric Fish Exploration (HHMI)
Poison Dart Frogs: Neurotoxins
Electrical Activity of Neurons Exploration (HHMI)
Controlling Animal Locomotion (HHMI)
HHMI Holiday Lectures: Neuroscience
HHMI: Virtual Neurophysiology Lab
THE NEW SCIENCE OF ADDICTION U of Utah
EPIGENETICS & THE HUMAN BRAIN U of Utah
Cool there are now 6 different taste receptors
Internet Usage Refiguring Brains
Blue Men- Rods and Cones
Body Systems: Immune SystemImmunology Tutorial (HHMI)
HHMI: Virtual Immunology Lab
HHMI Holiday Lectures: Immunlogy
HHMI Holdiay Lectures: Infectious Diseases
HHMI Holiday Lecture: Biodiversity and looking for new medicines
How antibodies attack (HHMI)
Retrovirus and Viral Diversity (HHMI)
How H1NI jumped to humans
Dengue Vector Intervention (HHMI)

Search for Emerging Viruses (TED talk)

Humorous NPR animation of viral infections
H1N1 Evolution from bird to human
Senses Galore
Tongue Bugs
Test your brain
Hacking Your Brain  Fun
NerveTransmission (Stanford YouTube)
Put some Acetylcholine in it (Stanford YouTube)

Body Systems: Circulatory/ Respiratory System/ Excretory SystemVertebrate Circulatorium (HHMI)
HHMI: Virtual Cardiology Lab
Electrocardiogram (HHMI)
Exploration of Heart size in mammals (HHMI)
HHMI Holiday Lectures: Cardiovascular
Respiratory
All about Kidney and toxicity
Body Systems: Endocrine & Hormones/ DevelopmentFight or Flight and Cell Communication
Fight or Flight in detail
Virtual Embryo
C. elegans development movie
Imprinting Article (genetic)
Extending Life Article
Great Links for Embryology and Organogenesis
Basics of Development
EVO-DEVO Rap from Stanford (from Autumn)