Cumulative Final Topic List:  

100 multiple choice questions; two optional essays (used to determine if semester grade should be rounded up)

You may have either 1/2 of a 8 1/2 x 11" paper one side only or both sides of a 3x5" index card (handwritten and no magnifying glasses).

PLEASE LOOK THROUGH BOTH SEMESTER CALENDARS AND TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE TUTORIAL LINKS.

(Choose two essays to answer. REMINDER: essays will only be graded if semester grade is within 0.5 % of a grade. If you pass the two essays your grade will be rounded up; if essays do not meet the criteria for a passing grade, your semester grade will not be rounded up.)

Topics: (no guarantees that all topics will appear on the exam)

Yes it covers the whole year (link to standards)

Chemistry (water, pH, biomolecules composition and structure, enzymes, thermodynamics)

Ecology (food webs, trophic levels, types of symbiotic relationships, )

Membranes (diffusion, osmosis)

Cellular Respiration & Photosynthesis (reactants, products, organelles (internal structures), cycles)

Cells (prokaryotes vs. eukaryotes, structure/function of organelles, cell theory, mitosis (phases and outcome))

Nucleic Acids- structures and functions  (DNA (chromosomal & mitochondrial), RNA, Central Dogma (transcription & translation), DNA replication)

Biotechnology (pGlo-bacterial transformation, lac operon, Restriction analysis (crime scene))

Meiosis and Genetics ( meiosis (phases and outcomes), gametes (plants & animals), genotypes, phenotypes, dominant, recessive, punnett square problems ( monohybrid, dihybrid, sex-linked, pedigrees, epistasis, incomplete/co-dominance, polygenic "multi-gene")

Body systems- organs, parts, functions (circulatory, lymphatic, nervous, immune (autoimmune), digestion, muscle) 

Evolution (natural selection, Charles Darwin, gene pools, allele frequencies, human evolution, definition of species, speciation, classification categories, types of isolation), reproductive barriers (geographic, temporal, behavioral, etc)