AP Biology Body Systems Structure & Function Presentation Assignment

adapted from Joan Carlson and http://ww2.tyrrell.k12.nc.us/webumake/staff/clevis/APBioBodySystems.html

 

Purpose of the project is to understand in detail how the human body systems

1.       work to maintain homeostasis  (understand feedback control mechanisms involved in each body system)

2.       work from the molecular level to tissue> organs and organism level

3.       evolved from more primitive systems  (very, very, very brief)

4.       include structures that relate to functions

 

Requirements:

1.        One of the requirements of the project is to cover how structures and functions evolved from simpler animals to more complex animals- with a quick overview of lower vertebrates with a major focus on humans.

2.       Presentation provides an organized, visually interesting and efficient explanation of the questions included at the end of this sheet.

3.       Provide an outline summary with a works cited page of your presentation for you fellow students, and post the summary and your Power Points in the sr.apbio gmail account  in order for the class to have access. This detailed outline of your body system should include:

a.       major tissues/organs and their structure and function

b.       how all of the parts contribute to the holistic functioning of your particular system. 

c.       Discuss the consequences of hormone imbalances, diseases and disorders related to this imbalance. Research treatments, cures etc… IF appropriate

d.       Your outline should NOT exceed the front and back of a page, but it must be at least one page- 12 pt. font maximum. 

e.     Post on the class google documents (make sure you cite any images that you "borrow"; Google images, etc.).  This outline will serve are their basis of system information.  Make sure that you provide enough detail so that your classmates will have a study aid for the unit test and the final exam.

 

4.      Use your textbook AND at least two other sources.  Cite any additional sources that you have used on a works cited page.

5.       Organize your information into a thoughtful and creative lesson plan for the class. You will need to use more than one type of media. Feel free to use any combination that allows you to clearly convey the material to the class. Prepare a presentation that will provide a through explanation of your assigned system.  You will need to provide visuals of particular parts of your system in your presentation.  This presentation needs to be about ten minutes in length.  Please test your presentation on the classroom equipment prior to your date of presentation.  You may do this after school.  No consideration will be given for ‘technical difficulties’ that result from lack of preparation.

6.       Be prepared for questions from your classmates for the 5 minute period allowed.

    

 

Here are some suggestions to try in any combination: I would love it if all of the different media could then be put into a power point in order to make the presentation available to others. You could scan cartoons, insert video clips etc..) ***(see additional information below)  there are some links to help you also listed at the end of the assignment.

 

§         Comic strips, on computer or by hand. (you might want to copy these as a handout)

§         Power point presentation*** (created by you not professional ones downloaded

§         Mini plays (done in class or recorded)

·         Activities that involve the class to participate, games or charts …

 

Presentation Questions that need to be answered effectively:

1.       Describe the evolutionary importance and a brief description of the development of this system..

2.       Why is this body system necessary for maintaining homeostasis?

3.       Describe and elaborate the structures and functions of the system focusing on humans.

4.       Provide labeled diagrams of the major structures of the system.

5.       Explain the interdependence of this system with other body systems.

6.       Include major concepts for this system as elaborated in your text.

7.       Describe at least 3 diseases or disorders of the system.

8.   Relate to any labs that have been done during the school year.

 

Groups systems  will be chosen based on lottery!

 

System/ /Topic #

Campbell 8th ed. Ch

Specific details

Names / Date of presentation

1. Basic Principals of Animal form and function

Ch 40

Physical constraints : why aren’t cells large? Why are the more efficient small? “

Feedback control

thermoregulation

4/16


2. Animal Nutrition Digestion 

Ch 41

Nutritional requirements and feeding mechanisms

Evolutionary adaptations with diet

4/16                            
3. Circulatory and Gas Exchange

Ch 42

Open vs closed systems

Mammalian double circulation

lymphatic system

How patterns of blood pressure reflect the structure and arrangement of blood vessels

Structure and function of blood

pH of blood regulation

Gas exchange and specialization

Adaptation for gas exchange

4/16
4. Osmoregulation and Excretion

Ch 44

Osmolarity and energetics

Transport mechanisms

Forms of N waste and the evolutionary influences and the environment

Regulation mechanisms

Explain urinalysis and tests

Rennin angiotensis aldosterone sys tem of regulation

a) survey of types of excretory systems

    b) human kidney structure function

    c) osmoregulation and  hormone controls

    d) thermoregulation (ecto/endothermy)



4/17


 

5. Immune

Ch 43

Innate vs acquired immunity

Recognition and response

Specific roles in acquired immunity

compare to plant immunity

Pick two of the following to discuss in detail: mononucleosis, hepatitis, syphyllis, gonorrhea, chlamydya

 4/18


6. Endocrine

Ch 45

How do signaling molecules trigger specific pathways

Simple and paired pathways

Why so many?

Structure and function (biochemistry) Discuss at least two complex systems

two example systems pick one positive and one negative feedback model

    c) cell signaling

d) inter-relationship between endocrine and nervous system

4/19

 

7. Nervous

Ch 48 and 49

a) overview of nervous tissue in various animals

    b) neuron function (detailed action potential); neurotransmitter action, types of neurotransmitters

    c) evolution of vertebrate nervous system including CNS and  PNS

d) neuromuscular junctions (relationship between nervous system and muscular system

 

 4/19


8. Sensory  and Motor Mechanisms

Ch 50

Go through each of the major senses and be sure to include overview of evolutionary trends and evidence

Physical interaction of protein filaments

Why are there different types of protein filaments, why not one type?

Energetics

 4/19


9. Reproduction 

Ch 47

overview of types and mechanisms

Why does the animal kingdom have asexual and sexual reproduction? Cost vs benefit

Reproductive cycles, organs and anatomy

Why is there difference in timing and patterns for meiosis in males and females?

Placental mammals

4/23


 

10. Development

Ch 47

 a) stages of development

    b) morphogenesis and differentiation

    c) relationship to chapter 21 (include HOX, etc.)

A body building plan, blastula, gastrulation, amniote adaptations

Morphogensis

Role of cell adhesion, fate mapping, pattern formation by inductive signals

4/23

 

 

 

Grading Rubric for Body Systems Presentation Project: (100 points)

OUTLINE: 25 points

 

Presented in an easy-to-follow format

5 pts

Focuses on structure AND function of components in assigned system(s)

5pts

Serves as a complete overview of the assigned system(s)

5 pts

Accuracy of information

5 pts

Fits length requirements- min.- 1 page; 12 pt font- max 2 pages

5 pts

 

PRESENTATION: 30 points  (note scores can be different for each individual)

 

Fits time requirement- min 15 minutes per system

5 pts

Presented in an easy-to-follow format, interesting use of media and effective

10 pts

Accuracy of information presented

10 pts

Provides visuals to reinforce discussion

5 pts

 

OVERALL: 45 points

 

Integration of parts to holistic function of assigned system(s) 

5 pts

Preparation and Organization is evident

5 pts

Evolution of system is discussed in an appropriate amount of detail

5 pts

Why is this system necessary? Why is it controlled? How is it controlled?

Feedback mechanism, cell signaling pathways, gene regulation …

5 pts

Relating structure to function

5 pts

Vary: discuss genetic disorders, current treatments, gene therapy, common causes for abnormal levels of the hormone and its effects on homeostasis.

5 pts

Awarded for pure humor, genius and going above and beyond. Mrs. G’s choice

5 pts

Use of at least two sources, in addition to textbook

5 pts

Works-cited page provided  (APA format)

5 pts

 

***  Additional Information:

1.  A summary lecture sheet with additional materials developed by you, copying the lecture from your CD is not acceptable. Must be emailed to the class (this activity is meant to be "green".)

2. Development of a PowerPoint presentation which needs to include;

    a. diagrams (make sure you cite the source of all "borrowed" pictures and animations within the presentation and have a Bibliography at the end using APA format).

    b. simple backgrounds with contrasting text (not visually confusing), avoid flashy transitions which can be visually distracting as well as confusing.

    c. NO more than 5 bulleted points  with no more than 5 words per bullet/ per slide

    d. NO reading verbatim from the slide show, practice and be prepared to just use the bulleted points as prompts for your presentation (note cards are permitted.... but again reading is unprofessional and you risk boring your audience who will also be providing part of your grade).

3. You may swap presentation dates with my permission and the consent of the other party.

Rubric (100 points)

 (Warning taking someone else's lecture material off the internet without proper citation is PLAGIARISM will result in a ZERO on this assignment)

 

Human Anatomy Helpful Websites:

 

Virtual body:

http://www.medtropolis.com/VBody.asp

 

Visible Human Project:

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/research/visible/visible_gallery.html

 

Human Body Online:

http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html

 

Animal Diversity Web. University of Michigan, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology.

http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/index.html

 

The Electronic Zoo.

http://netvet.wustl.edu/ssi.htm

 

The On-Line Biology Book. Click on BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY: ANIMALS I, II or III http://gened.emc.maricopa.edu/bio/bio181/BIOBK/BioBookTOC.html

 

UCMP Taxon Lift. Click on On-Line Exhibits: Web Lift to: Animals, Plants, etc. then METAZOA (Animals), then choose your phyla. Created by the Museum of Paleontology, University of California, Berkeley.

http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/

 

 

Human Body Links: http://edtech.kennesaw.edu/web/humanbo.html

 

Bio Ed Online:

http://www.bioedonline.org/slides/slide01.cfm?tk=5

 

Educational encyclopedia:

http://www.educypedia.be/education/anatomy.htm

 

Visible Body:

http://www.visiblebody.com/

 

BBC Human Body:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/humanbody/

 

National Geographic Human Body:

http://science.nationalgeographic.com/science/health-and-human-body/human-body/