Body System (Muscle, Nervous, Endocrine Excretion, Immune) Study Guide


                       1.    Substances that are needed by the body for growth, repair, and maintenance are called…?



                       2.    What are the functions of the pancreas?



                       3.    The germ theory of disease states that infectious diseases are caused by….?



                       4.    Diseases can be caused by….?



                       5.    An example of an infectious disease that is caused by a virus is



                       6.    Which of the following is an example of a vector and the disease it spreads?



                       7.    One advantage of a fever is that it can slow down the



                       8.    The body’s nonspecific defenses against invading pathogens include



                       9.    The inflammatory response can cause



                       10.  Unlike passive immunity, in active immunity antibodies are produced by



                       11.  An immune response is triggered by a(an)



                       12.  What causes asthma?



                       13.  Autoimmune diseases result when the immune system is?



                       14.  HIV weakens the immune system by killing?



                       15.  Cancer cells affect other cells in the body by



                       16.  Cancer can be caused by



                       17.  The outer protein coat of a virus is called a



                       18.  The instructions for making new copies of a virus are



                       19.  Bacteriophages infect



                       20.  How does the sliding-filament model that explains how muscle cells work?



                       21.  What is the smallest structural and functional unit of the nervous system?



                       22.  Sense organs are part of which body organ system?



                       23.  The endocrine system is responsible for?



                       24.  Antibiotics fight infections by



                       25.  Which system regulates and controls growth, development, and metabolism?



                       26.  The levels of organization in the body include



                       27.  The process by which organ systems maintain relatively constant internal conditions is called



                       28.  Which process enables the body to maintain a stable temperature?



                       29.  Neurons are classified (defined) by their?



                       30.  For a neuron to reach an action potential, it must





                       31. The cell body of a neuron collects information from which structure?




Figure 37–2


                       32.  What kind of information in found on figure 37-2



Figure 39–1


                       34.  Which structure in Figure 39–1 then produces too much of its hormone, the result is nervousness, elevated body temperature, and weight loss.


                       35.  How do kidneys maintain homeostasis?


                       36.  If your kidneys were not working, what would happen if you drank a large quantity of water?









Figure 38–4


                       38.  What information is represented in these diagrams?








Figure 39–2


                       41.  What is this figure telling you?







Figure 39–4


                       45.  Interpreting Graphics This graph shows the human female reproductive cycle. What are these diagrams/graphs telling you?



A scientist used a mathematical model that describes the interaction of the human immune system with HIV to simulate the effect of HIV drugs on HIV-infected patients. Her goal was to determine the optimal time to begin treating HIV-infected patients. Graphs A, B, and C show some of the results of the scientist’s simulation.



Figure 40–3


                       46. What do these graphs tell you?