Cell Unit Review Sheet
Textbook Reading: Chapter 7-1- 7-4, 18-1,18-3, Pages 471-472, 478-479..
Labs: What's up Doc, Cell Structure, Kingdom and Domains Slide Activity
(and questions from earlier tests)
Homework Calendar check for other links.
Definition of life
life, cell theory , What
is necessary to be alive
Cell Parts and Organelles (structures and functions) Cell
Structure , Tutorial:
Structure & Function
Biomembranes II (Diffusion, Osmosis, Facilitated Diffusion, Active Transport, Endocytosis,
Domains, Kingdoms (names and examples) Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes Prokaryotes
vs. Eukaryotes, Domains,
Viruses (alive or not
Key Terms: Remember to find the relationships between words and link to
concepts... words are not in order of relatedness...
Prokaryote, Eukaryote, Plant, Animal, Microscope, heterotrophic,
mitochondria, chloroplast, DNA, single and double membranes (cell or plasma
bilayers), ribosomes, cell theory, paramecium, osmosis, active transport,
passive transport, facilitated diffusion, exocytosis, endocytosis, phagocytosis,
bilayer, vacuole, carbohydrate, protein pump or gate, centromeres, rough
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER), smooth ER, Golgi (body or apparatus), nucleus,
protein envelope/capsid (virus), RNA, fossils, tree of life, multicellular,
unicellular, autotrophs, heterotrophs, non-living organisms, nuclear (membrane
or envelope), hydrolysis reaction, condensation/dehydration reaction,
monosaccharides, glycerol, fatty acids, metabolism, nucleotides/ nucleic acids,
cell wall, cytoplasm, organelle, Fungi, channel protein (in cell/plasma
membranes), classification, binomial nomenclature (DKPCOFGS), eubacteria (cyanobacteria
and bacteria), Archae/archaebacteria, eukarya, photoautotroph, photosynthesis,
chemical bonds (valence electrons), solute/solvent/solution, monomer,
catalyst/enzyme, amoeba, hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic, placebo, lugol's,
benedict's, starch, protein, carbohydrates, sugar,1. The cells of all protists, plants, animals and fungi are all _____.
2. According to cell theory, all cells come from ________.
3. Osmosis is a form of _________ transport.
4. Water diffuses through a membrane from
a _____________ area to a_______________area.
5. When a white blood cell from the immune
system surrounds a particle (like an invading bacteria) and brings the
bacteria inside by wrapping the bacteria with the the membrane
bilayer of the white blood cell, the cell has undergone ______ .
6. When a cell needs to excrete (export) a lot
of molecules all at once a vesicle migrates to the cell membrane, fuses
and dumps the hormone out of the cell. This is an example of:
When a cell continually takes in more solute from its environment
against the concentration gradient, (For example, muscle cells pulling
in sugar even though there is very little sugar in the blood) what type
of transport is the cell is using
Which eukaryotic cellular structure would be affected by a poison
interfering with the ability of the cell to form (make) proteins?
9. Which organelle is responsible for making lipids and hormones?
10. What cellular structure allows a vesicle
filled with adrenaline to move towards the cell membrane for excretion
out of the cell and in to the blood?
11. Which organelle is responsible for
packaging and labeling molecules for export from the cell?
12. The tree of life does not include viruses because they are ________________.
13. All prokaryotes are organisms that _________________________.
14. The building blocks for lipids are ___________________________
15. Name the structures A through I.
16. Which cell structure contains the cellís
genetic material and controls the cellís activities?
17. The main function of the cell wall is to ____________________.
18. Which type of organisms do not have a cell wall?
19. Which structure serves as the cellís sugar manufacturing portion of the cell?
20. Based on their names, Felis leo and Felis
catus belong to the same __________ but different _______.
21. The domain that contains unicellular
organisms that live in extreme environments is called ______.
Use the following information to answer the next 2 questions.
biologist has three solutions and the labels have washed off. One
solution was salt water with a concentration of salt higher than a
living cell. the other two solutions are distilled water and pond water
(fresh water). The biologist wants to determine which solution is salt
water by placing several fresh water amoebas (small unicellular
eukaryotes) into each solution. Use the following answers to answer the
next 2 questions
24. The amoeba in salt water will__________
25. The amoeba in the distilled water solution will__________
27. How are prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
similar and how are these cells different. Provide at least 2
differences and 2 similarities and some example organisms.
28. Explain the differences and similarities
between viruses and other forms of life. Why is there a controversy
surrounding the inclusion of viruses with other forms of life?
29. Describe the use of binomial nomenclature,
what are the different level of organization. Why have scientists added
the new level entitled domains? Why have archaebacteria been given
their own category? Give an example of each domain and kingdom.