Cell Unit Review Sheet

 

Textbook Reading: Chapter 7-1- 7-4, 18-1,18-3, Pages 471-472, 478-479..

Labs: What's up Doc, Cell Structure, Kingdom and Domains Slide Activity

(and questions from earlier tests)

Homework Calendar check for other links.

Topics:

Definition of life defining life, cell theoryWhat is necessary to be alive

Cell Parts and Organelles (structures and functions)  Cell Structure , Tutorial: Cell Structure & Function

Membranes Tutorial: Biomembranes I, Biomembranes II (Diffusion, Osmosis, Facilitated Diffusion, Active Transport, Endocytosis, Exocytosis)

Domains, Kingdoms (names and examples) Prokaryotes, Eukaryotes Prokaryotes vs. Eukaryotes, Domains, Kingdoms, bacteria and viruses

Viruses (alive or not alive?)

 

Key Terms: Remember to find the relationships between words and link to concepts... words are not in order of relatedness...

Prokaryote, Eukaryote, Plant, Animal, Microscope, heterotrophic, mitochondria, chloroplast, DNA, single and double membranes (cell or plasma bilayers), ribosomes, cell theory, paramecium, osmosis, active transport, passive transport, facilitated diffusion, exocytosis, endocytosis, phagocytosis, bilayer, vacuole, carbohydrate, protein pump or gate, centromeres, rough Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER), smooth ER, Golgi (body or apparatus), nucleus, protein envelope/capsid (virus), RNA, fossils, tree of life, multicellular, unicellular, autotrophs, heterotrophs, non-living organisms, nuclear (membrane or envelope), hydrolysis reaction, condensation/dehydration reaction, monosaccharides, glycerol, fatty acids, metabolism, nucleotides/ nucleic acids, cell wall, cytoplasm, organelle, Fungi, channel protein (in cell/plasma membranes), classification, binomial nomenclature (DKPCOFGS), eubacteria (cyanobacteria and bacteria), Archae/archaebacteria, eukarya, photoautotroph, photosynthesis, chemical bonds (valence electrons), solute/solvent/solution, monomer, catalyst/enzyme, amoeba, hypotonic, hypertonic, isotonic, placebo, lugol's, benedict's, starch, protein, carbohydrates, sugar,

1.    The cells of all protists, plants, animals and fungi are all _____.


    2.    According to cell theory, all cells come from ________.


    3.    Osmosis is a form of  _________ transport.


    4.    Water diffuses through a membrane from a  _____________ area to a_______________area.


    5.    When a white blood cell from the immune system surrounds a particle (like an invading bacteria) and brings the bacteria inside  by wrapping the bacteria with the the membrane bilayer of the white blood cell, the cell has undergone ______ .


    6.    When a cell needs to excrete (export) a lot of molecules all at once a vesicle migrates to the cell membrane, fuses and dumps the hormone out of the cell. This is an example of: ________________.


    7.    When a cell continually takes in more solute from its environment against the concentration gradient, (For example, muscle cells pulling in sugar even though there is very little sugar in the blood) what type of transport is  the cell is using   _______________________.


    8.    Which eukaryotic cellular structure would be affected by a poison interfering with the ability of the cell to form (make) proteins?


    9.    Which organelle is responsible for making lipids and hormones?


    10.    What cellular structure allows a vesicle filled with adrenaline to move towards the cell membrane for excretion out of the cell and in to the blood?


    11.    Which organelle is responsible for packaging and labeling molecules for export from the cell?


    12.    The tree of life does not include viruses because they are ________________.


    13.    All prokaryotes are organisms that _________________________.


    14.    The building blocks for lipids are ___________________________


 

Figure 7-1         animal cell

    15.    Name the structures A through I.

    16.    Which cell structure contains the cellís genetic material and controls the cellís activities?


    17.    The main function of the cell wall is to  ____________________.


    18.    Which type of organisms do not have a cell wall?


    19.    Which structure serves as the cellís sugar manufacturing portion of the cell?


    20.    Based on their names, Felis leo and Felis catus belong to the same __________ but different _______.


    21.    The domain that contains unicellular organisms that live in extreme environments is called ______.






Use the following information to answer the next 2 questions.

A biologist has three solutions and the labels have washed off. One solution was salt water with a concentration of salt higher than a living cell. the other two solutions are distilled water and pond water (fresh water). The biologist wants to determine which solution is salt water by placing several fresh water amoebas (small unicellular eukaryotes) into each solution. Use the following answers to answer the next 2 questions
            
            


    24.    The amoeba in salt water will__________

    25.    The amoeba in the distilled water solution will__________

    27.    How are prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells similar and how are these cells different. Provide at least 2 differences and 2 similarities and some example organisms.

    28.    Explain the differences and similarities between viruses and other forms of life. Why is there a controversy surrounding the inclusion of viruses with other forms of life?

    29.    Describe the use of binomial nomenclature, what are the different level of organization. Why have scientists added the new level entitled domains? Why have archaebacteria been given their own category? Give an example of each domain and kingdom.

1. The cells