General Graphing Rules:
- Use a ruler for each Axis
- Title must be appropriate and show a relationship between variables.
(Example: The Effect of (Independent Variable) on (Dependent Variable)... The
Effect of Sunlight on Freckles...
- Both X and Y axis must be labeled with the unit of measurement and the
actual units. (X axis reflects the independent variable and the Y axis shows
what changes have occurred during the experiments... the dependent variable) >
Examples: Height (cm), Time (sec).
- Graph should be as large as possible for accuracy.
- Use a Point of origin that makes sense. You do not always start a
- Units are represented in even increments per axis. Example if you
are observing days for a short period of time on the X axis use increments of
one, or fives or tens etc... increments generally do not change on the axes.
- Do not connect the points on a line graph, unless specifically directed to
do so. Line up your ruler so that half of the points are on either side of the
ruler to make a best fit or trend line.
- If needed use a color code or key and label for multiple lines.
On MS Excel: go to this link for help