Study Guide for Body Systems Test ( Endocrine, Nervous System, Senses, Muscle, Excretory system, Digestive system and Immune System)

Up to 50  multiple choice/ 1 essay

2. How does the body maintain a stable amount of hormones in the body?

3. What substances are needed by the body for growth, repair and maintenance?

5. How many different ways can the body lose water?

10. What are the main organs of the digestive, excretory and immune systems?

11. What percentage of the filtrate's water that enters a nephron is returned to the circulatory system?

12. What are the 3 functions of the kidney? How does each function?

13. "Germ theory" refers to what body system? What is the definition of "germ theory"?

14. Diseases are caused by _____________________?

15. How are infectious diseases spread?

16. Give an example of each type of infectious agent and a typical disease associated with that general category.

17. What type of infectious disease is treated by antibiotics? How do antibiotics eliminate that infectious disease?

18. What are the components of the inflammatory response to invasion? How does each part work?

19. How many different ways (specific substances) does the non-specific immune response repel invaders? What is the advantage of a fever?

20. Compare and contrast passive and active immunity. What is the purpose of vaccines and vaccinations (immunizations)?

21. How does the humoral or antibody-mediated immune response work to get rid of pathogens?

22. How does the cell-mediated immune response work to get rid of pathogens and cancerous cells?

23.What causes allergies and asthma? How do these responses create such havoc to the human body?

24. What is a virus, what is the composition of a virus, what is the difference between the lytic and lysogenic viral cycles? What is a bacteriophage? How does a virus make you ill?

25. What is an autoimmune disorder? Why are autoimmune disorders so harmful?

26. What is HIV? How is it transmitted? How does HIV affect the specific immune response? Can you explain why antibody levels of HIV increase in the blood at the same time that the amount of virus (viral load) continues to rise but the number of T cells decline?

27. What are the differences between the three types of muscle cells, where are the three types found? What are the major parts of the muscle involved with contraction... how the sliding filament theory of muscle contraction work?

28. What causes cancer? What is the difference between a malignant and benign tumor? What does cancer do to the body? How is cancer treated?

29. What is a neuron? How do neurons transmit electro-chemical signals?

30. How do outside stimuli connect with the senses (eyes, ears, etc...)

31. What is a reflex arc? How does a reflex arc carry information to the brain and back to the body?

32. Where is the endocrine system located? What is the endocrine system composed of?

33. Know the names of glands and their hormones.

34. How do insulin and glucagon work together to maintain homeostasis?